“Latin America and the Caribbean are witness to the largest flow of refugees and migrants in the region’s history. More than 6 million Venezuelans have left their country of origin, with some 5 million being hosted in the region. The COVID-19 pandemic has deepened pre-existing inequalities and increased the vulnerability of refugees and migrants. The effects on the living conditions, security, dignity and health of refugees and migrants from Venezuela and host communities have been dramatic.”
Population flows in Latin America & the Caribbean
Requested funding and beneficiaries targeted
Key figures By national and sub-regional platform
Where do we stand
As of December 2021, there were more than 6 million refugees and migrants from Venezuela outside their home country. The 17 countries of Latin America and the Caribbean covered by the Regional Refugee and Migrant Response Plan 2022 (RMRP) are hosting an estimated 84 per cent or some 5 million refugees and migrants from Venezuela.
Considering recent trends in Venezuela, as well as political and socio-economic developments in several key host countries, the outlook for 2022 remains complex and volatile. Due to border closures and continued travel restrictions linked to COVID-19, refugees and migrants from Venezuela have adopted riskier coping strategies, including irregular means of travel and border crossings, which expose them to increased protection risks. As a result, there is a growing number of Venezuelans in irregular situations in countries of transit and destination.
Put yourself in the shoes of a refugee or migrant from Venezuela.
WHAT’S THE RMRP?
The RMRP was ﬁrst developed in 2018 as a strategic regional response plan and advocacy tool to support country and sub-regional operations and to ensure the most pressing humanitarian, protection and integration needs of refugees and migrants from Venezuela, as well as those of host communities, were met.
Since its first iteration, the RMRP has served to mobilize some USD 1.55 billion to bring about positive change to the lives of vulnerable refugees and migrants from Venezuela as well as affected host communities, while strengthening national capacities of public institutions, also through the convening of the donor community in three International Donors’ Conferences (in 2019, 2020 and 2021).
The RMRP 2022 prioritizes accountability and transparency, including through the use of a number of publicly available tools to monitor and report on activities implemented and funds received under the response. For the first time, in 2022, the RMRP will also include a results framework linked to the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to measure the impact and effectiveness of assistance provided by R4V actors. Meanwhile, activities and people reached by R4V partners will continue to be reported monthly through public databases, such as the 5Ws dashboard available on R4V.info, and funds received by R4V partners in support of the RMRP 2022 will be reported using UN-OCHA’s Financial Tracking Service (FTS). All activities and partners of the RMRP 2022 are searchable in the RMRP Activity Explorer.
THE REGIONAL RESPONSE IN 2022
1. Provide and improve safe and dignified access to essential goods and critical services in synergy with sustainable development assistance.
2. Enhance the prevention and mitigation of protection risks, and respond to corresponding needs through supporting the protection environment in affected countries.
3. Increase resilience, socio-economic integration opportunities, social cohesion, and inclusive participatory processes to improve living standards of affected populations.